Human trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery. It is a crime under federal and international law; it is also a crime in every state in the U.S. Louisiana has some of the toughest Human Trafficking laws in the nation, earing us an A in Shared Hope’s Protected Innocence Challenge.
“Criminals who engage in these human trafficking crimes deserve the harshest punishment that we can possibly give them. They should be given zero opportunity to ever harm anyone again.” ~Governor Bobby Jindal
Louisiana State Law:
HB 1025: Creates harsher punishments and better tools for cracking down on human trafficking and commercial sex related offenses:
The bill targets those purchasing sex by creating the crime of “unlawful purchase of commercial sexual activity” and requiring a person who commits this crime with a minor to register as a sex offender. It expands the present crimes of human trafficking and trafficking of children for sexual purposes to include the act of receiving, isolating, and enticing another person in order to engage in sexual services or labor.
HB 569: Authorizes district courts to designate a section or division of court for human trafficking courts. This legislation requires that these human trafficking courts emphasize training for judges on the issues involved in human trafficking and specialize in hearing cases involving prostitution related offenses for the purpose of identifying victims.
HB 1105: Requires posting of the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline in outpatient abortion facilities. Often perpetrators of human trafficking force women and children to undergo abortions so that the victims can continue working in the industry. This bill is aimed at reaching the victims before that happens.
HB 1262: Requires that, prior to undergoing an elective abortion, a woman must be provided with information on coerced abortions and human trafficking. This law will help identify more victims of human trafficking who are forced to go to abortion facilities and it will help offer victims a way out of this terrible industry.
RS 46:2161 Human trafficking victims services plan
RS 46:2162 Assistance to victims of human trafficking
CHC 923 Expungement of adjudications involving human trafficking victims
RS 14:46.2 Human trafficking
RS 15:541.1 Posting of the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline; content; languages; notice; civil penalty
RS 15:539.1 Forfeited property related to certain sex crimes; exempt property; allocation of forfeited property
RS 15: 539.3 Mandatory restitution
RS 15:541 Definitions
RS 46:1809 Criteria for making awards; prohibitions; authority to deny or reduce awards
RS 46:2163 Civil cause of action for victims of human trafficking
CCRP 571.1 Time limitation for certain sex offenses
CHC 603 Definitions
CHC 606 Grounds; child in need of care
CHC 1015 Grounds
RS 14:2 Definitions
RS 15:1308 Authorization for interception of wire, electronic, or oral communications
RS 15:1352 Definitions
RS 26:96 Revocation and suspensions not exclusive penalty
Federal Anti-Trafficking Laws:
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 is the first comprehensive federal law to address trafficking in persons. The law provides a three-pronged approach that includes prevention, protection, and prosecution. The TVPA was reauthorized through the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) of 2003, 2005, and 2008.
Under U.S. federal law, “severe forms of trafficking in persons” includes both sex trafficking and labor trafficking:
Sex trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purposes of a commercial sex act, in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age, (22 USC § 7102; 8 CFR § 214.11(a)).
Labor trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purposes of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery, (22 USC § 7102). Click here for more information about state and federal anti-trafficking laws.